Chesapeake v. New England Colonies

Question

Although New England and the Chesapeake region were settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions developed into two distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur and in what ways were these societies different?

Introduction and Thesis

The east coast of North America was settled by Englishmen of the same ethnicity, but by 1700 they had developed into two distinct societies.

Body Paragraph 1 – Founded for different purposes and under different climate

- New England founded for religious reasons

o Puritans persecuted in England à wanted “New England”

§ Separatists founded Plymouth, broke from Anglican Church

§ Anglican Church reform too slow, moderate Puritans à Bay Colony

- “We shall be that city upon a hill” Winthrop

o Connecticut, the “Blue Law State”

§ Founded by energetic Puritans à wanted a closer church-government alliance

o Exception of Rhode Island also found based for religious freedom.

§ Founded by Roger Williams to “protest” against Puritan’s strict tolerations à freedom of worship

- Chesapeake colonies founded for economic reasons

o Jamestown settlers looked for gold

§ Gentlemen faced “starving time” b/c didn’t plant crops to survive

§ John Smith “he who shall not work, shall not eat”

- Those worked for economy only

o Cultivation of tobacco by James Rolfe

§ Indentured servants who came here looked for new start in economic life

§ No Puritans

o Exception Maryland, Catholic haven

§ Economically geared and used indentured servants for labor.

§ Became major competitor with Virginia for tobacco

- Difference in climate

o New England with rocky soil, long winters

§ Would impact economy and how farms were organized

o Chesapeake with hot summers but fertile land

§ Carolinas were the “Bread Colonies”

§ Perfect for tobacco growing

- Would impact economy and how communities were organized.

Body Paragraph 2– New England and Chesapeake colonies had political and economic differences

- Political New England - More democratic

o Compact towns à town meetings, “franchise” to free white Puritan males.

§ Colonies founded based on religion; Puritans persecuted in groups.

o Small farms = no slavery à less defined hierarchy, no aristocratic dominated assembly

§ Cold climate = small farms, no plantation owners.

- Economic New England – Less agriculture, more industry

o Small scale farming à long winters, poor rocky soil

§ Fishing, lumber, shipping, shipbuilding, whaling, not focused on tobacco in south w/ fertile fields.

o Mostly industrial region, manufacturing

§ No plantation colonies = more manufacturing of cities, has many large cities including Boston. Most industrious of American colonies

- Political Chesapeake –

o Legislative owned by aristocrats

o More spread out, only county governments

§ Backcountry farmers under represented.

o Charleston South Carolina only notable big city

- Economic Chesapeake

o Primarily based on agriculture

§ Large plantations, very little industry

o Fertile land, fertile agriculture

§ Could plant staple crops including tobacco, rice, indigo.



Body Paragraph 3 – Social and religious differences

- Social New England:

o Education

§ Puritans believed education = better study bible.

· Bible would help out of salvation.

§ First public education system, best education, highest literacy rate in world.

o Social stability –

§ Immigrated in communities, more social stability

§ Less 20 something males, immigrated in groups.

- Religious New England

o “We will be that city upon a hill” – Winthrop

§ Dominated by Congregational Church (ex. Rhode Island)

o Founded for religious colonies

- Social Chesapeake

o Due to plantation economies

§ Slavery à aristocratic atmosphere

o Social instability

§ 75% of early immigrants were indentured servants

· 20 something males

o Education

§ Not emphasized as plantations wide spread

§ Lowest literacy levels

o Aristocratic atmosphere except N. Carolina and Georgia

- Religious Chesapeake

o Rural environment makes schools + churches more difficult

o Church of England established, no Puritans

o Maryland as Catholic refuge

Conclusion

The founding principles which each of the colonies were founded upon along with their climate influences each of the colonies’ decisions, shaping colonies settled by Englishmen of the same ethnicity to be starkly different and distinct societies.

41 comments:

Anonymous said...

This layout aided me tremendously in my DBQ writing. Thank you very much.

Anonymous said...

Thank you for this!

Anonymous said...

Thank you!

Anonymous said...

Thanks very helpful

Anonymous said...

This was a lifesaver! Thanks!!!! This was really helpful.

Tiana said...

omg i love you sooo much..... this helped me so much on my dbq .... best website ever!!!!!!!

Anonymous said...

Good content, but thesis doesn't specifically refer to the reasons that the chesapeake and new england formed distinct societies.

Anonymous said...

you helped me sooooooo much!! thanks!

Anonymous said...

Wow, I got an A thanks so much!

Anonymous said...

This helped alot , but please add more details , thank you for this page(:

Anonymous said...

Thanks so much...This is insanely helpful

Anonymous said...

Awesome thanks! It's my first time taking an AP class, and I was really struggling with this essay. This outline helped me so much!

Anonymous said...

thank you i was struggling until now

Anonymous said...

Thanks so much!!

Anonymous said...

THANK YOU SOOOOOOOOO MUCH!!!!! I had no idea what I was doing until now!! you've helped me so much! Freaking life saver!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Anonymous said...

THIS SOLVED MY SUMMER HOMEWORK

Anonymous said...

Thank God for helpful people like you! I seriously could not have done it without you! Again thank you sooo much! :)

Anonymous said...

This is a gift from God. Thank you soooo much!!

Canis Lupus said...

This post was a life saver. Thank you so much for this.

Anonymous said...

This is tremendously helpful! Thank you!!!

Anonymous said...

you are amazing like I don't know what else to say

Anonymous said...

Thank you so much. This layout helped me understand my summer assignment. I did not know how to organize a DBQ before.

Anonymous said...

Amen to this!

Anonymous said...

Is it plagiarizing if I use the body paragraph topics and sub-topics (re worded of course) but use different evidence?

Anonymous said...

i will marry you for this

Anonymous said...

@APUSH

Anonymous said...

I knew this information well.. I just didn't know how to piece it together. Thank you!!!

Anonymous said...

Thank you so much!!

Anonymous said...

i copied but gave credit to you lol thanks

Anonymous said...

definetly plagiarised this answer, didnt give any credit but thanks

Anonymous said...

This will be very helpful for my midterm, thank you!

Anonymous said...

this is everything that i needed thank you so very much !!!!

Anonymous said...

AHH thank you so much you rock!

Anonymous said...

This helped me out big time thank you alot

Anonymous said...

hi sam

Anonymous said...

look again, sam g, should i continue with further info?

Anonymous said...

sam g, of WEST boca

Anonymous said...

hello from VHS go tigers

Anonymous said...

THANKS U R DA BEST JUST SAVED ME IN APUSH THANKSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSS

Anonymous said...

Best outline in the world ������ this helped soooo much!!!!

Anonymous said...

This is my exact essay prompt I am doing for class so this is extremely helpful! Thanks